Organization Background and Description

During the implementation of the second phase of ACCCRN (Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network) activities, two groups were formed at the city level: The Climate Change Watch Group and the Awareness Generation Group. Both the groups undertook a range of initiatives in the city and promoted climate change as an important issue. While these groups have now faded out, they achieved their role of building awareness of the need to consider and tackle climate change risks in the city. Individuals who volunteered their time earlier are now involved in mainstreaming climate change issues in various development activities of the city, particularly by raising awareness and literacy around climate change, with considerable influence on decision-making at city level.

In 2010, a State consultation meeting was held to understand the dynamics of managing floods in Surat. Key stakeholders, including the CAC and managers, deliberated and realised that there were close to 12-15 actors and institutions with flood-management responsibility in the city. The consultation meeting gave an opportunity for these stakeholders to discuss approaches to effective flood management. It became apparent during discussions that a mechanism for such multi-stakeholder deliberations should be established to facilitate regular meetings of these actors. This would be key in supporting the integrated design of the flood management system, given the trans-boundary nature of the river system and the various responsibilities of the many organisations involved. A collaborative mechanism would also be able to direct agencies in data collection and collaborate on the various other aspects of the end-to-end early warning system. This was the seed for the establishment of the Surat Climate Change Trust (SCCT). While a number of possible structures were mooted for the shape of this mechanism, a registered Trust was chosen as the form best suited to managing a project that would span a range of institutions and actors beyond the city boundaries.

The SCCT initially therefore began as a vehicle for implementing the end-to-end early warning system. The SCCT has taken the lead to implement other ACCCRN projects and discussions were held to continue to undertake a range of interventions as outlined in the City Resilience Strategy.


Surat Climate Change Trust (SCCT) is a registered city level public trust registered under Bombay Public Trust Act 1950 (Registration No. E-7266/Surat) with its office at City Engineer's Office, Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC), Main Office, Muglisara, Main Road, Surat, Gujarat - 395 003. It was registered on 1st June 2012.

SCCT is promoted by multiple city and state level stakeholders led by Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC). It includes members from various institutions including Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority (GSDMA), Narmada, Water Resources and Water Supply Department (NWRWS), South Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industries (SGCCI) and Academic Instructions (such as SVNIT and CSS). SCCT is one of the first city level multi-stakeholder trusts in India with the following objectives:

- To engage in policy addressing problems arising out of urbanization and climate change,
- To facilitate capacity building of City of Surat to address challenges of urbanization and climate change and facilitate / prepare a Roadmap to face these challenges,
- To take steps for mitigation of natural calamities like floods and to manage emergencies,
- To support and to undertake interventions that increase resilience of vulnerable sectors and communities in the society to the adverse impacts of urbanization and climate change. The above objectives of the SCCT relates to advocating for and implementing projects and activities in support of urban climate resilience. This also includes activities relating to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, as industry is an important part of the city's economy and growth. The SCCT also gradually built its capacity to communicate climate change issues effectively, and developed various IEC material on climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Later, it was felt that the SCCT could be an effective mechanism for carrying forward the urban climate change resilience agenda, by promoting resilient urban development in the Surat Metropolitan Region, as the larger area that Surat city will grow to occupy over the next decades. Moving beyond the End-to-End Early Warning System, a second ACCCRN intervention, the Surat Urban Health and Climate Resilience Centre (UHCRC), was launched in March 2013.

The two ACCCRN-funded interventions, as fairly soft projects, helped to develop the capacity of the SCCT in managing interventions to build urban climate resilience, while looking ahead to attract funding for further projects from other sources. They build upon the pilot projects as outlined above. As the SCCT includes representatives from many institutions, it can help to bridge the gaps between different organizations involved in the development of Surat. Because the SCCT includes representatives from local government and local actors, it can also obtain a more rapid response from key government departments at State or National level, such as the Indian Meteorological Department and the Central Water Commission. These are vital institutions for the implementation of the flood early warning project, thus addressing one of the key challenges of coordinating complex multi-stakeholder and multi-scalar initiatives. In the other direction, the existing City Disaster Management Plan will also undergo significant modification, as there is an increased emphasis on connectivity arising from the experience with the SCCT. As a result, the linkages between science, institutions, and society will be strengthened at the city scale.

As the Trust also includes two representatives from the Southern Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industry (SGCCI), the city's activities relating to building climate change resilience are shared with a range of actors beyond the public sector, while also linking the public and private sectors, facilitating the city's progressive actions. As the business community is strongly engaged in the city's investments in high-value infrastructure, and it requires continuity in its activities, there is an incentive for it to be engaged in the city's efforts to reduce disruption from risks such as flooding and sea level rise. The Trust, as an institutionalized mechanism, offers the opportunity to ensure adaptation activities can be sustained beyond electoral cycles, which can be a barrier to sustained climate action at city scale.

SCCT have total 14 members from SMC, SGCCI, NWRWS, GSDMA, SVNIT, CSS and Subject matter experts (Annex-B). The Trust's management and operating structure is illustrated in Fig (2). Two committees have been formed:

- Technical Committee, and
- Administrative Committee.

The Trust's board is made up of 13 members, of whom six are from the Surat Municipal Corporation, including the city's Commissioner, Deputy of Policy, City Engineer, Deputy Commissioner, and Corporators. The other board members include the President and Vice-President of the South Gujarat Chamber of Commerce, which was instrumental in driving ACCCRN processes forward in Surat, and representatives from academic institutions and state level stakeholders - the Narmada Water Resources, Water Supply and Kalpsar Department, the Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority, and the Urban Social Health Advocacy and Alliance (USHAA). The Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) promoted the process of formation of the Trust, and provides a firm footing or anchor for the SCCT. The make-up of the board facilitates linkages to key actors and institutions in the city, as well as beyond its borders - a particularly important consideration for water management.

The technical committee plays an important role in ensuring due diligence in processes such as tendering for bids, which are then considered by the members. The structure of the SCCT means that it has the capacity to manage project implementation. Importantly, it also has the ability to receive funds direct from donors or other actors. This is a crucial consideration in a context of climate financing mechanisms, which are predominantly designed to pass through national governments, reducing the options of local governments in securing adequate financing.

Thus, while still in its early days, the SCCT plays an important role as an institution enabling the city to receive funds for climate change adaptation activities from various sources. The SMC has also earmarked funds for the SCCT, thus giving the body an early ability to stand on its own two feet.

Relation Between 100RC and SCCT:
100 Resilient Cities:

100 Resilient Cities - Pioneered by The Rockefeller Foundation (100RC) helps cities around the world become more resilient to the physical, social, and economic challenges that are a growing part of the 21st century. 100RC views resilience not just as shocks - earthquakes, fires, floods, etc. - but also as stresses that weaken the fabric of a city on a day to day or cyclical basis. Examples of these stresses include high unemployment; an overtaxed or inefficient public transportation system; endemic violence; or chronic food and water shortages.

By addressing both the shocks and the stresses, together, a city is better equipped to respond to adverse events, and is overall better able to deliver basic functions in both good times and bad, to all populations. Cities in the 100RC network are provided with four concrete supports:

- Financial and logistical guidance for establishing an innovative new position in city government, a Chief Resilience Officer, who will lead the city's resilience efforts;
- Expert support for development of a robust resilience building strategy;
- Access to solutions, service providers, and partners from the private, public, academic, and NGO sectors who can help them develop and implement their resilience strategies; and
- Membership in a global network of member cities who can learn from and help each other. Through these offerings, 100RC aims not only help individual cities become more resilient, but to facilitate the creation of a global practice of resilience building.

100 Resilient Cities-Pioneered by The Rockefeller Foundation is financially supported by The Rockefeller Foundation and managed as a sponsored project by Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors (RPA), that provides governance and operational infrastructure to its sponsored projects.

100 RC project has taken this project under SCCT with SMC because of fund route through this institute and also manage by its Board and 100 RC steering committee along with 100 RC team recruited in project.


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